Cyberstability Update – December 2019

Cyberstability Update – December 2019

January 7, 2020, Monthly update

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Presented at the Paris Peace Forum

Presented at the Paris Peace Forum, the GCSC report features a cyberstability framework and recommendations at a critical juncture in the future of cyberspace 

Paris, 12 November 2019 – The Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace (GCSC) issued today its final report Advancing Cyberstabilityas part of a panel held at the 2019 Paris Peace Forum. Stef Blok, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, and David Koh, Chief Executive, Cyber Security Agency of Singapore, launched the report and placed the findings in the context of ongoing global efforts to enhance international security in cyberspace. Commission Co-Chairs, Michael Chertoff and Latha Reddy, along with former Chair Marina Kaljurand, presented recommendations and commented on the strategic approach and work of the GCSC.
This report represents the culmination of the Commission’s work over the last three years, offering a cyberstability framework, principles, norms of behavior, and recommendations for the international community and wider ecosystem.

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“Earlier this year, 28 EU-member states backed a framework for sanctions targeting malicious cyber activities. Today, the GCSC consolidates a set of norms and principles for behavior of state and non-state actors. This is an important contribution to a digital space in which order and peace must prevail,” commented Stef Blok, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, a co-founder of the GCSC. “Since stability in cyberspace is directly linked with stability in the ‘real world,’ such a cyberstability framework is more crucial than ever. The next step in this multilateral process is to collect evidence and hold those who break the rules responsible. Together we must increase accountability and combine all pieces of the puzzle, between governments, tech and security firms, and civil society.”

The work of the Commission originated out of a desire to address rising social and political instability as a result of malicious actions in cyberspace. The situation has further deteriorated as evidenced by the rise in the number and sophistication of cyber attacks by state and non-state actors, which increasingly puts the considerable benefits of cyberspace at risk. In this increasingly volatile environment, there is an apparent lack of mutual understanding and awareness among communities working on issues related to international cybersecurity. With this report, the GCSC seeks to contribute to international efforts to address these challenges

Cyberstability and governance are inextricably and naturally linked,” added Michael ChertoffGCSC Co-Chair. “As the digital age evolves so rapidly, governments and societies lack the desired level of exchange, let alone the decision-making processes needed to ensure the stability of cyberspace. The GCSC’s effort complements the work of other organizations, and will serve to influence how critical actors can engage with one another and collaborate towards a stable cyberspace.”  
Emphasizing a concerted, multistakeholder approach, the framework reflects technological, product and operational measures, as well as a focus on behavioral change required among all stakeholders.
“The publication of this final report is not the end, but rather the beginning of a new profound effort toward implementing the suggested principles, norms, and recommendations,” stated Latha ReddyGCSC Co-Chair. “The onus is on all stakeholders—governments, industry, civil society—to collaborate, adopt and implement accepted practices to help strengthen cyberstability. The stakes are higher than ever, which dictates a response in kind.”
Following the release, the GCSC members will continue to advocate and engage with their respective communities. Input and feedback from these groups were reflective of interactions with both state and non-state experts and will form the basis of advocating for the report going forward.

For an overview, see the Fact Sheet and for a copy of the report, visit Advancing Cyberstability.



Global Commission hosted lunch session during UN Open-Ended Working Group Intersessional Consultative Meeting

On 2 December 2019, the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace (GCSC) hosted a lunch session “Advancing Cyberstability: from Formulation to Implementation”. It took place in the context of the intersessional consultative meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (OEWG).

The Chair of the OEWG invited interested parties – namely business, non-governmental organizations and academia – to the informal consultative meeting in New York to share their views on the issues within the OEWG’s mandate. The GCSC used this lunch session on the margins of the OEWG meeting as an opportunity to update the participants on its activities and present its proposals for advancing cyberstability. It is also a significant opportunity to bring in the perspectives of the Commission and other stakeholder groups into the ongoing discussions of the OEWG, a process aimed at achieving similar objectives within the multilateral context of the UN First Committee.

The session featured discussions on matters pertaining to international peace and security in cyberspace and Commissioners provided advanced insights into the GCSC report “Advancing Cyberstability”, launched by a ministerial panel on 11 November 2019 at the Paris Peace Forum.

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GCSC in the News

“Jimmy Schulz Call”, IGF Meeting of Parliamentarians.  

Tags: Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace.  

Eight Norms for Stability in Cyberspace, Project Syndicate

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Joseph NyeGlobal Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace. 

Towards a Global Framework for Cyber Peace and Digital Cooperation: an Agenda for the 2020s, IGF

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Wolfgang KleinwächterGlobal Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace.

Can New Norms of Behavior Extend the Rules-Based Order Into Cyberspace?, WPR.

Tags: Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace.  

A Difficult Road to International Norms for Cybersecurity, Nihon Keizai Shinbun

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Motohiro Tsuchiya.

Norms and confidence building measures (CBMs): Are we there yet?, Diplo.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Abdul-Hakeem Ajijola.

Final Report from the 14th Internet Governance Forum, GIP Digital Watch

Tags: Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace. 

The Future of Cybersecurity: The Growing Battle for Information Control, Medium

Tags: Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace.  

Virgílio Almeida integrou comissão global sobre estabilidade do ciberespaço, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Virgilio AlmeidaGlobal Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace. 

National Policy

Putin signs law making Russian apps mandatory on smartphones, computers, Reuters.  

India plans security audit of WhatsApp after hacking attempt, Reuters.

Foreign Investment and National Security in the Digital Age, CSIS.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner James Andrew Lewis.

Covert Military Information Operations and the New NDAA: The Law of the Gray Zone Evolves, Lawfare.

Encryption Backdoors Won’t Stop Crime But Will Hurt U.S. Tech, Bloomberg.

U.N. expert urges Ethiopia to stop internet shutdowns, revise hate speech law, Reuters.

Closing a Critical Gap in Cybersecurity, Lawfare

India’s Internet shutdown in Kashmir is the longest ever in a democracy, The Washington Post.

A Surveillance Net Blankets China’s Cities, Giving Police Vast Powers, NYT

Global Governance

Cyberspace Law eJournal, SSRN. 

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Jonathan Zittrain.

Power of Law or Law of Power, The Tipping Point Talks

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Marietje Schaake.

Selling off online domain names threatens internet governance, FT

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Marietje Schaake.

Developing the Future, Today: Investing in Tech & R&D for Our Security – NATO Engages 2019 London, Atlantic Council

Tags: GCSC Special Advisor Sorin Ducaru.

Terms of Reference, African Union Cyber Security Expert Group.

The U.N. passed a Russia-backed cybercrime resolution. That’s not good news for Internet freedom, The Washington Post.

China Bids to Lead World Agency Protecting Intellectual Property, Foreign Policy.

Episode 25 – Marietje Schaake, Techplomacy Talk.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Marietje Schaake.

Kann das Internet auseinanderbrechen?, SWR

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Wolfgang KleinwächterGCSC Commissioner Christopher PainterGlobal Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace. 

Artificial intelligence: the case for international cooperation, IISS

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Elina Noor.

Joint U.S-EU Statement Following the U.S.-EU Justice and Home Affairs Ministerial Meeting, US DoJ

Global Data Governance, New America.

Threats and Risk Mitigation

Group-IB CEO talks up global threat landscape, Computer Weekly

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Ilya Sachkov.

Slowly awakening to the problems we face, CyberWire.  

Tags: GCSC Co-Chair Michael Chertoff.

Cybersecurity Defenders: Channel Your Adversary’s Mindset, BIS.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Jeff Moss.

Cybersecurity Tech Accord announces new contest in partnership with the UN Office of Disarmament Affairs, Tech Accord

International Crackdown on Rat Spyware which Takes Total Control of Victims’ PCs, Europol

North Korean hackers are working with Eastern European cybercriminals: report, Reuters.

Inside ‘Evil Corp,’ a $100M Cybercrime Menace, Krebs on Security

Conflict in Cyberspace

Internet coupé en Iran : “Le niveau de sophistication de ce blocage est une première”, Le Monde.

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Frédérick Douzet.

China resurrects Great Cannon for DDoS attacks on Hong Kong forum, ZDNet.

Cyber attacks and cyber crime: governments need a common agenda to fight them, Cyber Security 360.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Christopher Painter.

Iran says it’s defused large cyberattack on infrastructure, The Washington Post

Industry and Civil Society Developments

Twitter is funding research into a decentralized version of its platform, The Verge.

Hackers hit Norsk Hydro with ransomware. The company responded with transparency, Microsoft

Breach Updates

Iran has foiled a second cyber-attack in less than a week, the country’s telecommunications minister says, BBC.

This China-linked espionage group keeps trying to hack the Cambodian government, CyberScoop

Democracy and Electoral Infrastructure

Opinion: Will your 2020 vote actually get counted? LAT

Tags: GCSC Co-Chair Michael Chertoff.


Marina Kaljurand MEP – IGF 2019 preparatory meeting, EIF.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Marina Kaljurand.

Anriette Esterhuysen, new chair of IGF Multistakeholder Advisory Group, will strive to ensure the global South is part of conversation, APC.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Anriette Esterhuysen.

Two Russian nationals charged in hacking schemes that officials say caused tens of millions in damages, The Washington Post

Pseudonymisation techniques and best practices, ENISA.  

Philosophy For Our Times, The Dark and the Digital.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Nigel Inkster.

APIs enabling better government interactions and data sharing, DTA Australia

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Jeff Moss.

AI: Beware human decline not rise of computers, Globes.  

Tags: GCSC Commissioner Isaac Ben-Israel.

The CyberWire Daily Podcast, CyberWire.  

Tags: GCSC Co-Chair Michael Chertoff.