Anriette Esterhuysen

Anriette Esterhuysen is the executive director of the Association for Progressive Communications (APC), an international network of organizations working with Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) to support social justice and development. Prior to joining APC, Anriette was executive director of SANGONeT, an internet service provider and training institution for civil society, labour and community organizations. She was active in the struggle against Apartheid from 1980 onwards.  From 1987 to 1992 she did information and communication work in development and human rights organizations in South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Esterhuysen, with many others, helped establish email and internet connectivity in Southern Africa. SANGONeT hosted a Fidonet hub that provided universities and nongovernmental organizations in, among other places, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, with email links to global networks as part of a collaboration between the APC and the United Nations Development Programme.

Anriette has served on the African Technical Advisory Committee of the UN’s Economic Commission for Africa’s African Information Society Initiative and was a member of the United Nations ICT Task Force from 2002 to 2005, the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Task Working Group on Financing Mechanisms, and the Commission for Science and Technology for Development Working Group on Internet Governance Forum (IGF) Improvements. She was a member of the Multistakeholder Advisory Group of the Internet Governance Forum from 2012-14.

Anriette was one of five finalists for IT Personality of the Year in South Africa in 2012, an award which recognises a person who has made an outstanding impact on the South African ICT industry. She was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame as a global connecter in 2013. Anriette has published extensively on ICTs for development and social justice.


Bill Woodcock

Bill Woodcock is the executive director of Packet Clearing House, the international non-governmental organization that builds and supports critical Internet infrastructure, including Internet exchange points and the core of the domain name system. Since entering the Internet industry in 1985, Bill has helped establish more than two hundred Internet exchange points. In 1989, Bill developed the anycast routing technique that now protects the domain name system. In 1998 he was one of the principal drivers of California 17538.4, the world’s first anti-spam legislation. Bill was principal author of the Multicast DNS and Operator Requirements of Infrastructure Management Methods IETF drafts. In 2002 he co-founded INOC-DBA, the security-coordination hotline system that interconnects the network operations centers of more than three thousand ISPs around the world. And in 2007, Bill was one of the two international liaisons deployed by NSP-Sec to the Estonian CERT during the Russian cyber-attack. In 2011, Bill authored the first survey of Internet interconnection agreements, as input to the OECD’s analysis of the Internet economy. Now, Bill’s work focuses principally on the security and economic stability of critical Internet infrastructure.

Wolfgang Kleinwächter

Wolfgang Kleinwächter is a Professor Emeritus from the University of Aarhus where he was teaching a master course on Internet Policy and Regulation from 1997 – 2015. He was a Director on the ICANN Board (2013 – 2015) and a Special Ambassador of the NETMundial Initiative (2014 – 2016).

He is active in the field of transborder data flow and Internet Governance since the 1980s. He was involved in the making of ICANN and has participated – in various capacities – in more than 50 ICANN meetings. He served six years in the NomCom (2009/2010 as its chair) and two years in the GNSO Council (2011 – 2013), elected by the Non-Commercial Stakeholder Group (NCSG) where he is a member of the NCUC. He is also founder and chair of the ICANN Studienkreis, a high level multistakeholder network of experts and chair the Board of Medienstadt Leipzig e.V., a recognized At Large Structure under the ICANN Bylaws.

He was also involved from the very beginning in the preparation of the UN World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). Since 2002 he was member of the WSIS Civil Society Bureau, he co-chaired the Internet Governance Caucus (IGC) and was appointed (in 2004) by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan as a member of the UN Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG). Between 2006 and 2010 he served as Special Adviser to the Chair of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), Nitin Desai. Until 2014 he chaired the IGF Dynamic Coalition on the Internet of Things (DC IOT).

In the ITU he joined the German governmental delegation to the World Conference on International Telecommunication (WCIT) in Dubai in 2012 and served in the Informal Expert Group of the ITU World Telecommunication Policy Forum (WTPF) in 2013.

He is a co-founder of the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EURODIG), the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GIGANET) and the Summer School on Internet Governance (SSIG). In the domain name industry he served in the Advisory Board of the dotmobi Registry, became an International Adviser to CNNIC, the Chinese ccTLD Registry and is a special Internet Governance adviser for DENIC, the German ccTLD Registry.

In the academic world he was more than 20 years a council member of the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) and served as the president of the IAMCR Law Section between 1988 and 1998. He was a member of the Program Committee for INET 2002 in Washington D.C. and a Key-Note Speaker, Panelist, Moderator and Rapporteur of numerous international conferences.

His research work includes more than 100 international publications, including 7 books. From 2011 to 2016 he was the editor of the publication series MIND (Multistakeholder Internet Dialogue). He also served as member of several advisory boards of scientific journals, including Transnational Data and Communication Report, Computer Law and Security Report, The Journal of Media Law and Practice, Gazette and the Journal for Virtual Reality. His recent publications include “Sharing Decision Making in Internet Governance”, in William Drake, The Working Group on Internet Governance: 10th Anniversary Reflections, New York 2015, “Internet Fragmentation: An Overview”, World Economic Forum Davos 2016 (with Vint Cerf and William Drake) and “Internet Governance Outlook 2017: Nationalistic Hierarchies vs. Multistakeholder Networks”, CircleID, 2017.

William Saito

Commissioner William Saito decided to leave after the end of his first year on the GCSC for personal reasons. The Commission thanks him for his contributions to the initiative, and wishes him all the best in his future endeavors. 

William H. Saito named by Nikkei as one of the “100 Most Influential People for Japan,” and began software programming in elementary school and started his own company while still in high school. By the time he was named Entrepreneur of the Year in 1998 (by Ernst & Young, NASDAQ and USA Today), he was recognized as one of the world’s leading authorities on encryption, biometric authentication and cyber security. After selling his business to Microsoft, he moved to Tokyo in 2005 and founded InTecur, a venture capital firm and consultancy that identifies innovative technologies, develops global talent and helps entrepreneurs become successful. In early 2012, Saito was appointed to a council on national strategy and policy that reported directly to the Prime Minister of Japan. From late 2011, he also served as Chief Technology Officer of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission. He is a Foundation Board Member at the World Economic Forum (WEF), and has been named by the WEF as both a Young Global Leader and Global Agenda Council member.

Saito also advises several national governments around the globe. In Japan, he has served as an advisor to METI, MIC, MEXT, and MLIT; the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology; the Information Technology Promotion Agency, among others and is currently the Special Advisor to the Cabinet Office. He teaches at multiple universities, sits on the boards of several companies, frequently appears as a commentator on TV and is the author of numerous publications in addition to writing several weekly newspaper column. His best-selling management book, The Team: Solving the Biggest Problem in Japan, was published by Nikkei BP last year, and his autobiography, An Unprogrammed Life: Adventures of an Incurable Entrepreneur, was published in 2011 by John Wiley & Sons.

Uri Rosenthal

Prof. Uri Rosenthal (1945) is a Dutch politician of the People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). He was a member of the Senate (1999-2010) – from 2005 as parliamentary leader. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government Rutte I (2010-2012). In 2011 he was one of the initiators of the Freedom Online Coalition.

From 2013 until March 2017 Rosenthal served as the Dutch Government’s Special Envoy for International Cyber Policy. In that capacity he has been responsible for the preparation of the Global Conference on Cyberspace in The Hague (April 2015) and for the dissemination of its results within the context of the London Process – with a particular focus on a free, open and secure internet as well as a secure and stable cyberspace. In the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace he will continue these efforts as Special Representative for the London Process.

Rosenthal received a PhD from the Erasmus University Rotterdam in 1978. In 1980 he became a professor of political science and public management at Erasmus University Rotterdam. From 1987 until 2010 he was professor of public management at Leiden University.

Prof. Rosenthal is one of the founders and former chairman of the COT Institute for Safety, Security and Crisis Management which plays a major role in research, training and quick-response advice on a broad spectrum of security and crisis management in the public and corporate sector. He also is the founder and former chief editor of the  Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management (John Wiley & Sons).

At present he is advisor at the Crisis Research Center, Tsinghua University in Beijing, and at the Crisis Management Center, Nanjing University, China. In the Netherlands, he is chairman of the Advisory Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, and he leads the Supervisory Council for Veterans Care.

Carl Bildt

Special Representative

Carl Bildt is a CIGI distinguished fellow, effective December 2014. He is chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance (GCIG), a two-year initiative launched in January 2014 by CIGI and Chatham House that will produce a comprehensive stand on the future of multi-stakeholder Internet governance.

Carl served as Sweden’s foreign minister from 2006 to 2014, and was prime minister from 1991 to 1994, when he negotiated Sweden’s European Union (EU) accession. A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, United Nations Special Envoy to the Balkans and co-chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference. Carl has served as adviser to the European Space Agency and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

Previously, he was a member of the boards of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and Centre for European Reform, both in London, and the European Policy Centre in Brussels. He also served as a board member of the Washington-based RAND Corporation and the Aspen Institute in Rome.

Carl holds honours and decorations from several countries, including Estonia, France, Germany, Latvia and the United Kingdom. In November 2014, Canada’s foreign minister presented Carl with the John Diefenbaker Defender of Human Rights and Freedom Award. In addition to his role at CIGI and with the GCIG, Carl is a board member of Crisis Group, an international non-governmental organization, and is a member of the Washington-based Center for European Policy Analysis’ advisory board.

Carl attended Stockholm University and holds an honourary degree from the University of St. Andrews, where he is also a fellow at the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence.

Joseph Nye

Joe Nye is University Distinguished Service Professor and former dean of Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He received his bachelor’s degree summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1958. He did postgraduate work at Oxford University on a Rhodes Scholarship and earned a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard. He joined the Harvard Faculty in 1964, and taught one of the largest core curriculum courses in the college. In 2009, a poll of international relations scholars listed him as one of the most influential in the past twenty years and the most influential on American foreign policy. He also served as a Commissioner on the Global Commission on Internet Governance.

He has also worked in three government agencies. From 1977 to 1979, Nye served as Deputy to the Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance, Science and Technology and chaired the National Security Council Group on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In recognition of his service, he received the highest Department of State commendation, the Distinguished Honor Award. In 1993 and 1994, he was chair of the National Intelligence Council, which coordinates intelligence estimates for the President. He was awarded the Intelligence Community’s Distinguished Service Medal. In 1994 and 1995, he served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, where he also won the Distinguished Service Medal with an Oak Leaf Cluster.

Nye is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, of the Academy of Diplomacy, and of the British Academy. He serves on several non-profit boards: as co-chair (with Brent Scowcroft) of the Aspen Strategy Group, chair of the North American Group of the Trilateral Commission, a director of the Council on Foreign Relations, Chair of the Pacific Forum, and a trustee of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is also on advisory boards for TOTAL, Mitsubishi, and the Defense Department. He has served as a director of the Institute for East-West Security Studies, a director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a member of the advisory committee of the Institute of International Economics, and the American representative on the United Nations Advisory Committee on Disarmament Affairs. He has been a trustee of Wells College and of Radcliffe College. He is the recipient of the Woodrow Wilson Award from Princeton University, the Charles Merriam Award from the American Political Science Association, and the Palmes Academiques from the French government. In 2008, a poll of 2700 international relations scholars listed him as the most influential scholar on American foreign policy, and a 2011 poll rated him the fourth most influential scholar in international relations over the past 20 years.

He is the author of thirteen books and more than a hundred and fifty articles in professional and policy journals. His most recent publications are The Powers to Lead (2008), Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (2004), an anthology, Power in the Global Information Age (2004), a textbook Understanding International Conflict, The Power Game: A Washington Novel (2004), The Future of Power (2011) which The Economist called “rigorous and convincing,” Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era (2013), and his latest book, Is the American Century Over? (2015)

In addition, he has published policy articles in various newspapers and magazines, and his internationally syndicated column appears in papers in more than 70 countries. In addition to teaching at Harvard, Mr. Nye also has taught for brief periods in Geneva, Ottawa, and Oxford where he is a Visiting Professor and an honorary fellow. He has lived and done research in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Central America, Britain, France, Canada, and traveled to more than 100 countries.

Scott Charney

Scott Charney is Vice President for Security Policy at Microsoft. This group is responsible for the security of Microsoft’s products and services, including enforcement of Microsoft’s mandatory security engineering policies. Prior to joining Microsoft, Mr. Charney served as a Principal at PricewaterhouseCoopers where he led the firm’s Digital Risk Management and Forensics Practice. Before that, Mr. Charney served as Chief of the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS) where he was responsible implementing the Justice Department’s computer crime and intellectual property initiatives. Under his direction, CCIPS investigated and prosecuted national and international hacker cases, economic espionage cases, and violations of the federal criminal copyright and trademark laws. His section also proposed and commented on legislation; represented the United States internationally; and supported the development and implementation of U.S. information technology policy. Prior to leading CCIPS, Mr. Charney served an Assistant United States Attorney responsible for the investigation and prosecution of complex cases involving organized crime and as an Assistant District Attorney in Bronx County, New York, where he was responsible for prosecuting persistent violent felony offenders and then served as Deputy Chief of the Investigations Bureau.

Mr. Charney has received numerous awards during his career, including the Justice Department’s John Marshall Award for Outstanding Legal Achievement and the Attorney General’s Award for Distinguished Service. He currently serves on the President’s National Security and Telecommunications Advisory Committee; was a co-chair of the CSIS Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th Presidency; and served three years as Chair of the G8 Subgroup on High-Tech Crime.

Mr. Charney graduated from the Syracuse University College of Law with honors, and received his undergraduate degrees from the State University of New York at Binghamton.

Zhang Li

Professor Zhang Li is Assistant President of China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations(CICIR). He started research of cyber strategy and policy in 2000. He is active in this domain and deeply engaged in the policy making of cyber security, cyber diplomacy and e-development for the Chinese government. He is a member of the High Level Consultant Commission that is sponsored by the Secretariat of World Internet Conference (WIC) in 2015. Due to the outstanding contribution, he was awarded Special Governmental Allowance by the China State Council.

From 2009, as one of the key founding members, Prof. Zhang Li helped to organize several Cyber security Track Two Dialogues with US, Europe, UK and Australia. During 1998-1999, he acted as visiting scholar in International Science Policy Research Center of George Washington University.

Elina Noor

Elina Noor is Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Strategic and International Studies Malaysia. She was formerly Director of Foreign Policy and Security Studies, ISIS Malaysia. Prior to her role there she was a key team member of the Brookings Institution’s Project on US Relations with the Islamic World in its formative years post-September 11, 2001 and researched weapons of mass destruction terrorism prior at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies in Washington, DC.

Her policy interests include US-Malaysia bilateral relations, cyber warfare and security, radicalisation and terrorism, and major power relations. Her commentaries have appeared in local and foreign media, including The New Straits Times, BFM, the New York Times and Al-Jazeera.

Elina read law at Oxford University and earned her Blue playing ice hockey there. She obtained an LLM in Public International Law from the London School of Economics and Political Science, graduating with distinction at the top of her class. A recipient of the Perdana (Malaysian Prime Minister’s) Fellowship, she also holds an MA in Security Studies from Georgetown University where she was a Women in International Security Scholar.

She has been honored twice by Marie Claire Malaysia magazine as a Woman of Style and Substance, and by the Malaysian Women’s Weekly as one of its 2011 Great Women of Our Time.

The contents of this website are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) License.