Vint Cerf

Special Advisor

Vinton Cerf is vice president and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google. He contributes to global policy development and continued spread of the Internet. Widely known as one of the “Fathers of the Internet,” Cerf is the co-designer of the TCP/IP protocols and the architecture of the Internet. He has served in executive positions at MCI, the Corporation for National Research Initiatives and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and on the faculty of Stanford University.

Vint Cerf served as chairman of the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) from 2000-2007 and has been a Visiting Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory since 1998. Cerf served as founding president of the Internet Society (ISOC) from 1992-1995. Cerf is a Foreign Member of the British Royal Society and Swedish Academy of Engineering, and Fellow of IEEE, ACM, and American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the International Engineering Consortium, the Computer History Museum, the British Computer Society, the Worshipful Company of Information Technologists, the Worshipful Company of Stationers and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He currently serves as Past President of the Association for Computing Machinery, chairman of the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) and completed a term as Chairman of the Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology for the US National Institute of Standards and Technology. President Obama appointed him to the National Science Board in 2012.

Cerf is a recipient of numerous awards and commendations in connection with his work on the Internet, including the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, US National Medal of Technology, the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, the Prince of Asturias Award, the Tunisian National Medal of Science, the Japan Prize, the Charles Stark Draper award, the ACM Turing Award, Officer of the Legion d’Honneur and 29 honorary degrees. In December 1994, People magazine identified Cerf as one of that year’s “25 Most Intriguing People.”

Sorin Ducaru

Special Advisor

Ambassador Sorin Dumitru Ducaru is a Romanian career diplomat with a longstanding experience in trans-Atlantic and International Relations and a particular expertise in the field of emerging security challenges and the impact of new technologies upon security. Ambassador Ducaru’s professional background reflects a quite rare blend of technical and political studies. Holding degrees both in computer-studies and political science, he has been intensely engaged intellectually and professionally in translating “digital language” into the language of policy and strategy. He has recently joined the Hudson Institute in Washington DC, as a Senior Fellow, devoting a special focus on cybersecurity and defence, being also engaged in academic and scientific work in Brussels, Rome, Bucharest and Berlin.

Ambassador Ducaru held the post of NATO Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges from September 2013 to November 2017. In this capacity he was the head of the Emerging Security Challenges Division at NATO-HQ, Chair of the Cyber Defence Committee and also coordinator and manager NATO’s Science for Peace and Security Programme. He has been leading the work on NATO cyber policy development and implementation in a period of most dynamic developments for the Alliance in this field. He has provided expert input and chaired Allied negotiations on NATO’s Enhanced Policy on Cyber Defence (adopted at the Wales Summit in 2014), on NATO’s Cyber Defence Pledge and the Alliance’s Recognition of Cyberspace as Operational Domain (both adopted at the Warsaw Summit in 2016). As Chair of NATO’s Cyber Defence Management Board, he has been in charge of supervision NATO Cyber Action Plan implementation. Ambassador Ducaru has championed the cyber multi-stakeholder approach and the development of NATO’s cyber partnerships with partner countries, international organizations, industry and academia, displaying at the same time a strong support for the development of international norms of responsible behavior and confidence building measures in cyberspace as important instruments to strengthen stability in cyberspace.

Prior to his appointment as ASG, Ambassador Ducaru served as Romania’s Permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Council, from September 2006 to September 2013. From November 2011, Ambassador Ducaru was the Dean of the North Atlantic Council.

Ambassador Ducaru was born on 22 June 1964, in Baia-Mare, Romania. He graduated from the Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest in 1988 with a BA Degree in Applied Electronics and Computer-Studies and from the Romanian National School of Political Studies and Public Administration in 1992, with a Post-Graduate Degree in Political Studies. He holds a MPhil Degree in International Relations from the University of Amsterdam (1993) and a PhD degree in International Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest (2005).

He joined the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1993, assuming various posts such as member of the Policy Planning team, counsellor to the Minister, spokesman of the MFA, Director of the Minister’s Office and Director for NATO and Strategic Issues. From 2001 to 2006, he served as Romania’s Ambassador to the United States of America. In 2000–2001, Ambassador Ducaru served as Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations, in New York.

In the year 2008 Ambassador Ducaru was awarded the rank of Knight of the National Order “The Star of Romania”. He received the title of “Ambassador of the Year” in 2003 and 2012, from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania.

He is married to Carmen Ducaru, Director of the Romanian Cultural Institute in Brussels and has two children. Ambassador Ducaru speaks German, English and French, and enjoys playing the guitar, key-board, skiing, tennis and photography.

Martha Finnemore

Special Advisor

Martha Finnemore is University Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University in Washington, DC. Her research focuses on global governance, international organizations, ethics, and social theory. Professor Finnemore has written extensively on norms, and most recently co-authored (with Duncan Hollis) the article Constructing Norms for Global Cybersecurity.

She is the co-author (with Michael Barnett) of Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics, which won the International Studies Association’s award for Best Book in 2006. She is also author of National Interests in International Society and The Purpose of Intervention, which won the American Political Science Association’s Woodrow Wilson Award as “the best book published on government, politics, or international affairs” in 2004. Her most recent books are Back to Basics: State Power in a Contemporary World (Oxford University Press 2013) and Who Governs the Globe? (Cambridge University Press 2010). Her articles have appeared in International Organization, World Politics, American Journal of International Law, Annual Review of Political Science, Review of International Studies, Review of International Political Economy, Global Governance, Foreign Affairs and elsewhere.

She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a nonresident scholar at the Cyber Policy Initiative at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, has been a visiting research fellow at the Brookings Institution and Stanford University, and has received fellowships or grants from the MacArthur Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the Smith Richardson Foundation, and the United States Institute of Peace.

Carl Bildt

Special Representative

Carl Bildt is a CIGI distinguished fellow, effective December 2014. He is chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance (GCIG), a two-year initiative launched in January 2014 by CIGI and Chatham House that will produce a comprehensive stand on the future of multi-stakeholder Internet governance.

Carl served as Sweden’s foreign minister from 2006 to 2014, and was prime minister from 1991 to 1994, when he negotiated Sweden’s European Union (EU) accession. A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, United Nations Special Envoy to the Balkans and co-chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference. Carl has served as adviser to the European Space Agency and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

Previously, he was a member of the boards of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and Centre for European Reform, both in London, and the European Policy Centre in Brussels. He also served as a board member of the Washington-based RAND Corporation and the Aspen Institute in Rome.

Carl holds honours and decorations from several countries, including Estonia, France, Germany, Latvia and the United Kingdom. In November 2014, Canada’s foreign minister presented Carl with the John Diefenbaker Defender of Human Rights and Freedom Award. In addition to his role at CIGI and with the GCIG, Carl is a board member of Crisis Group, an international non-governmental organization, and is a member of the Washington-based Center for European Policy Analysis’ advisory board.

Carl attended Stockholm University and holds an honourary degree from the University of St. Andrews, where he is also a fellow at the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence.

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